Generate TypeScript definition files from your ADTs

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Stackage Nightly 2024-06-22:
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BSD-3-Clause licensed by Tom McLaughlin
Maintained by [email protected]
This version can be pinned in stack with:aeson-typescript-,2635

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Welcome to aeson-typescript Hackage Build Status

This library provides a way to generate TypeScript .d.ts files that match your existing Aeson ToJSON instances. If you already use Aeson’s Template Haskell support to derive your instances, then deriving TypeScript is as simple as

$(deriveTypeScript myAesonOptions ''MyType)

For example,

data D a = Nullary
         | Unary Int
         | Product String Char a
         | Record { testOne   :: Double
                  , testTwo   :: Bool
                  , testThree :: D a
                  } deriving Eq

Next we derive the necessary instances.

$(deriveTypeScript (defaultOptions {fieldLabelModifier = drop 4, constructorTagModifier = map toLower}) ''D)

Now we can use the newly created instances.

>>> putStrLn $ formatTSDeclarations $ getTypeScriptDeclaration (Proxy :: Proxy D)

type D<T> = "nullary" | IUnary<T> | IProduct<T> | IRecord<T>;

type IUnary<T> = number;

type IProduct<T> = [string, string, T];

interface IRecord<T> {
  tag: "record";
  One: number;
  Two: boolean;
  Three: D<T>;

It’s important to make sure your JSON and TypeScript are being derived with the same options. For this reason, we include the convenience HasJSONOptions typeclass, which lets you write the options only once, like this:

instance HasJSONOptions MyType where getJSONOptions _ = (defaultOptions {fieldLabelModifier = drop 4})

$(deriveJSON (getJSONOptions (Proxy :: Proxy MyType)) ''MyType)
$(deriveTypeScript (getJSONOptions (Proxy :: Proxy MyType)) ''MyType)

Or, if you want to be even more concise and don’t mind defining the instances in the same file,

myOptions = defaultOptions {fieldLabelModifier = drop 4}

$(deriveJSONAndTypeScript myOptions ''MyType)

Remembering that the Template Haskell Q monad is an ordinary monad, you can derive instances for several types at once like this:

$(mconcat <$> traverse (deriveJSONAndTypeScript myOptions) [''MyType1, ''MyType2, ''MyType3])

Suggestions for use

This library was written to make it easier to typecheck your TypeScript frontend against your Haskell backend. Here’s how I like to integrate it into my workflow:

The idea is to set up a separate Haskell executable in your Cabal file whose sole purpose is to generate types. For example, in your hpack package.yaml file add a new executable like this:

    main: Main.hs
    source-dirs: tsdef
    - my-main-app

And tsdef/Main.hs should look like this:

module Main where

import Data.Proxy
import Data.Monoid
import MyLibraries

$(deriveTypeScript (getJSONOptions (Proxy :: Proxy MyType1)) ''MyType1)
$(deriveTypeScript (getJSONOptions (Proxy :: Proxy MyType2)) ''MyType2)

main = putStrLn $ formatTSDeclarations (
  (getTypeScriptDeclaration (Proxy :: Proxy MyType1)) <>
  (getTypeScriptDeclaration (Proxy :: Proxy MyType2)) <>

Now you can generate the types by running stack runhaskell tsdef/Main.hs > types.d.ts. I like to make this an automatic step in my Gulpfile, Webpack config, etc.

See also

If you want a much more opinionated web framework for generating APIs, check out servant. (Although it doesn’t seem to support TypeScript client generation at the moment.)

For another very powerful framework that can generate TypeScript client code based on an API specification, see Swagger/OpenAPI.


Changelog for aeson-typescript

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